Furnace brazing can be accomplished in three different environments: vacuum, a protective gaseous atmosphere or open air. The following filler materials can be employed in the process: metal brazes (flux coated and bare), active metal brazes, reactive air brazes and solder glass (with normal furnace atmosphere). A decisive advantage of furnace brazing is the even heat distribution within the workpiece. In this way, the temperature gradient remains low throughout the entire brazing process wherefore stress within the component is minimized.
A great variety of similar and dissimilar materials (e.g. glass/ceramic, metal) can be joined by means of furnace brazingunder consideration of their specific coefficients of thermal expansion.
Laser soldering and brazing
Apart from conventional furnace brazing, laser soldering and brazing are important fields of research at ifw Jena, especially in connection with procedures for joining glasses, ceramics and sapphire.
Our work focuses on the development of strategies for processes which require a locally and temporally restricted channeling of energy and heat into the joint zone (e.g. encapsulation of temperature-sensitive components). The localized energy input is always case-specific and is essential for ensuring stress minimization within the joint zone.
Comprehensive procedures -regarding control, measurement, beam shaping and assessment- have been designed to increase the reliability and reproducibility of application-related process investigations.
Our research activities in this field address the following topics:
The following materials are being analyzed for this purpose: